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Sunday 15 September 2013 16:49
Iran says disputes on Caspian Sea regime minor
Iranian Special Envoy for Caspian Sea Mohammad Mehdi Akhoundzadeh said Caspian Sea is the sea of peace, friendship and cooperation, reiterating that there are only minor disputes about Caspian Sea legal regime.
Iran says disputes on Caspian Sea regime minor
TEHRAN (Asremrooz):"We discussed the issues on which there are some disagreements and we tried to minimize them. The meeting was a forward step," Akhoundzadeh said speaking in the 33rd work group meeting of the sea held in Baku and was attended by representatives of the 5 littoral states, and added that the disagreements on the sea's regime are very few and minor comparing to agreements and consensus.

He added the next meeting is scheduled for Moscow in November which is to be followed by ministerial meeting of the states and the littoral states summit in Moscow.

Akhoundzadeh further added that 1921 and 1940 agreements closed between Iran and the former Soviet Union are basis for any activity on the sea until specifying the legal regime for the sea.

Regarding security and military issues of the sea, he said, "Security agreement approved in the 3rd littoral states summit is a good ground for security, military and disciplinary cooperation."

The Caspian Sea is the largest enclosed body of water on earth by area, variously classed as the world's largest lake or a full-fledged sea.

Caspian Sea littoral states consist of Iran, Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Azerbaijan. They have been debating their share in the Caspian Sea legal regime since the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991.

The Caspian Sea legal regime is based on two agreements signed between Iran and the former Union of Soviet Socialist Republics in 1921 and 1940. Although under the international law, no state can defy any agreement, which came into being before its establishment, the three new littoral states, established after the collapse of the Soviet Union, do not recognize the prior treaties, triggering a debate on the future status of the sea.
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