TEHRAN (Asremrooz): Iran- Iraq war began on May 1359 while most of the western counties would help Iraq to reach its goal of destroying Iran because they predicted Iran will turn to a power in the regional by effort. Of course, the prediction is true and now a day Iran is one of the most powerful countries in the Middle East. But why was Iraq chosen? And how did Iraq attack Iran? The answers of these questions need a long time discussion. One of the main n reasons is Iraq history.
Iraq officially known as the Republic of Iraq is country in the Middle East and southwest Asia. Its population consists of Shias 60-65%, Sunnis 32-37% and Christians and followers of other religions 3%. Consisting of the most percent of Iraq population by Shias was one of the main reasons for choosing Iraq as an attacker to Iran. The America was aware that if Iraq influence of Iran revolution and unite, they turn to a powerful Shia country. Of course, the U. S. later attacked Iraq and caused improvement of relation between Iraq and Iran. Iran and Iraq have shared common tradition, culture and custom including Imams, Jihad, Martyrdom and the most important one Imam Hussein (peace be upon him)’s uprising because both nation consider it as a symbol of freedom. The holy shrines of six Imams are located in Iraq and Samera and Kazemain are considered as the most holy shrines for pilgrims.
The history of Mesopotamia’s history is also one of the main reasons of Iraq’s attack to Iran. It Widely considered to be the cradle of civilization in the West, Bronze Age Mesopotamia included Sumer and the Akkadian, Babylonian, and Assyrian empires, all native to the territory of modern-day Iraq. In the Iron Age, it was controlled by the Neo-Assyrian and Neo-Babylonian empires. The indigenous Sumerians and Akkadians (including Assyrians and Babylonians) dominated Mesopotamia from the beginning of written history (c. 3100 BC) to the fall of Babylon in 539 BC, when it was conquered by the Achaemenid Empire. It fell to Alexander the Great in 332 BC, and after his death, it became part of the Greek Seleucid Empire.
Around 150 BC, Mesopotamia was under the control of the Parthians. Mesopotamia became a battleground between the Romans and Parthians, with parts of Mesopotamia coming under ephemeral Roman control. In AD 226, it fell to the Sassanid Persians and remained under Persian rule until the 7th-century Arab Islamic conquest of the Sassanid Empire. A number of primarily neo Assyrian and Christian native Mesopotamian states existed between the 1st century BC and 3rd century AD, including Adiabene, Osroene, and Hatra.
Mesopotamia was independent in 1932 and called Republic of Iraq. It means that Iraq as 80 years old country attacked Iran where is 2500 years old. Of course Saddam had struggled by Pahlavi’s regime too.
It is interesting to know that in 539 during the war between King Cyrus and Babylon king, Iraq was conquered by Iran. About 500 years BC, government of Iraq different citied was destroyed by Cyrus and Iraq was part of Iran. Obviously, it Great Britain did not conquered Iraq, Iran and Iraq would unite because of common culture and religion and turn to a powerful country. It was what the western countries were scared.
Saddam has always loved to be superpower in the region and was called Arab king. Exports of 3.5 million barrels of oil per day before the war in Iraq had turned it as the second largest producer in OPEC. Oil exploration was limited in Iraq but it was seemed that Iraq after Saudi Arabia is considered as the second largest oil reserves in the region. Finally Iraq prepared its self for war because it can increase oil product by conquering Iran.